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How do business and personal finance differ?

Written byKoyo Loans
First published18th October 2022
  • Introduction
  • How do business and personal finance differ?
  • How to learn personal finance?
  • How to budget personal finances?
  • How to fix my personal finances?
  • Conclusion

In 30 seconds…

The way that you manage your personal finances affects all aspects of your life. The term is broad and refers to everything from income to retirement funds – it can even extend to your professional life, and the same rules apply to your personal and business finances. Helpfully, you can self-teach the core principles of personal finance, and budgeting is an important starting point. Once you take responsibility for your personal finances and develop an approach for managing and maintaining them, you will be able to control all aspects of your financial life.


You may already be aware of the term ‘personal finance’, as it is widely used to represent a broad range of issues related to your income and expenditure. The good news is that you can take steps to improve your personal finances as you improve your skills and knowledge about money in general. Below, we explain why it’s important to work on your personal finances and introduce you to some tips that will help you improve your money management.

How do business and personal finance differ?

The primary difference between business and personal finance is your intended use of the money. As the name suggests, business finance is concerned with the money that you use for professional purposes, while personal finance is related to the money you spend in all other aspects of your life.

In spite of this difference, the same rules apply to personal and business finance. You should seek to maintain a good income, invest in a long-term strategy, reduce your expenses, and work on your credit score. Each of these steps will help you maintain good financial habits in your personal and professional life. However, the way that you acquire and manage your funds may be slightly different in each instance.

Banks and building societies provide specific accounts for businesses as well as a range of financial products and services that are only accessible to business owners. Another key difference between the two is your tax requirements, and it’s for this reason that it’s important to keep your personal and business finances separate. So, while there might be some overlap, your personal and business finances are not the same thing.

How to learn personal finance?

The good news about personal finance is that you can self-teach many philosophies and approaches that may help you to increase your wealth management. Your starting point should be to read up on financial topics that interest you but be sure to check the source carefully before acting on financial advice.

One of the best personal finance books out there is The Richest Man in Babylon, which is a timeless classic that reveals the secret to personal wealth. You can also subscribe to financial publications like The Wall Street Journal and The Financial Times to broaden your understanding of the various financial topics of the day.

Some people go one step further and return to school to improve their financial literacy. You could do a course in economics or any related discipline at the Open University, for instance, to improve your knowledge of the financial world. Another tip is to follow several personal finance blogs and YouTube channels that inspire you to make smarter financial decisions. After all, there are so many ways to learn about personal finance, so consider any approach that works well for you.

How to budget personal finances?

Budgeting is key to personal financial management. It improves your discipline and allows you to prepare for most eventualities. There are lots of ways to prepare a budget, but keeping things simple is an important place to start.

First and foremost, you need to work out how much money you have available after tax. This figure is how much you have to spend on every aspect of your personal finance, from utility bills to retirement savings. You can use a budgeting app to help you create, maintain, and stick to your monthly budget, and it’s also really helpful to have your monthly income and expenditure laid out in front of you, so you can identify savings opportunities.

Some people also like to follow the 50/30/20 rule when budgeting for the first time, as it’s a great method for getting started. It stipulates that 50% of your income should be on essentials, 30% should be on wants and non-essentials, and 20% should be spent on debt and/or savings. Of course, you can make adjustments to this rule, but it’s a helpful way to get started with your personal financial planning.

How to fix my personal finances?

Improving your personal finances is all about taking responsibility for your spending. You don’t necessarily need to make drastic changes, but you do need to start tracking your income and outgoings and ensure that you’re not overspending every month.

As mentioned above, creating a budget is an effective way to start tracking your finances, and you can begin with a simple spreadsheet or a purpose-built app that can help you. Once you have a budget in place, you will need to get into the habit of allocating the required funds to each expense throughout the month, which requires significant financial discipline.

If you have debts, put together a manageable repayment plan that you can easily follow every month. Whether you’re able to pay off a personal loan early or reduce your credit card bills, the best way to fix your personal finances is to chip away at your current debts. If you’re struggling with debt, you can get in touch with a charity like Step Change and receive impartial, expert advice on how to take back control of your personal finances.


Ultimately, you need to take responsibility for your personal finances. Creating a budget and taking control of your monthly expenditure are good places to start. You can also educate yourself about how to improve your money management, which will provide you with a strong financial foundation from which to build your life long into the future.

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Key Takeaways

Fundamentally, the state of your personal finances will dictate the quality of your life. Although there are some differences between your personal and business finances, the same rules apply, and you should develop a strategy for managing all of your income and expenditure. The best way to do this is to create and maintain a budget.

Budgeting is at the heart of any successful approach to personal finance and will help you achieve your financial goals throughout your life. You can create a budget yourself, or you can sign up for a resource or application to help you.

When you start budgeting, increasing your financial literacy is also important. Taking steps to teach yourself various philosophies and strategies will help you to understand the importance of financial planning. You can even complete accredited courses in financial planning and management to bolster your understanding.

Ultimately, fixing your personal finances is liberating, and it will help you in all aspects of your life. So, get started with a budget and begin increasing your knowledge and understanding of the importance of financial literacy, so you can improve the way that you manage your money.

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